BEGINNER’S GUIDE

Whether you are considering medical cannabis therapy as a treatment option for yourself or someone else, this
Beginner’s Guide will serve as the foundation to help you better understand the implications of using medical cannabis.
That said, we always encourage you to consult with your primary health care professional before you get started.

GETTING STARTED

About Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds that produce mental and physical effects when consumed and cause euphoric, anti-convulsive and anti-inflammatory effects.
Two of the most common cannabinoids are THC and CBD. When cannabis is consumed, cannabinoids bind to receptor sites throughout the brain and body. Different cannabinoids have different effects depending on which receptors they bind to. THC binds to receptors in the brain whereas CBD mostly binds to receptors located throughout the body. As a result, different strains of Cannabis will produce varying levels and types of relief.

THC, or delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol

THC, or delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is the most recognized and abundantly available cannabinoid. It is the component in cannabis responsible for the psychoactive effects which causes the “high” and creates a feeling of euphoria. It is reported to have therapeutic benefits as an analgesic, antiemetic, sleep enhancer, appetite stimulant and mood stimulant. However, it has been known to cause anxiety and paranoia when consumed in high doses.

CBD, or Cannabidiol

CBD, or Cannabidiol, is non-psychoactive and is second to THC when it comes to average volume.

It is very useful for those who want the medical benefits of marijuana but not the “high”.

It is reported to have strong anti-inflammatory properties and as an anti-anxiety and seizure reduction agent.

About The Endocannbinoid System

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) acts as a regulator of energy and immune homeostasis in the body. Homeostasis is the ability of the body to regulate and maintain a balance within its internal environment when faced with external changes. For example, when your body temperature increases due to exercise, your body combats the heat by activating sweat glands and perspiration to help cool down the body. The endocannabinoid system contains cannabinoid receptors located throughout the central and peripheral nervous system and regulates many bodily functions such as pain sensation, mood, memory, appetite and mediating the psychoactive effects of cannabis.
CB1 and CB2 are the two primary cannabinoid receptors that serve important functions in physiological processes

CB1

CB1 receptors are mainly located in the brain and central nervous system.

CB2

CB2 receptors are located in the peripheral organs and in cells associated with the immune system.
Endocannabinoids and cannabinoids bind to and activate the cannabinoid receptors. Endocannabinoids are molecules naturally produced by cells in the human body. Cannabinoids enter the body through the consumption of cannabis and include THC and CBD. Cannabinoids produce greater psychoactive and medicinal effects on the body than endocannabinoids because they have a different chemical profile and interact with the cannabinoid receptors differently than the body’s natural endocannabinoids.

Ever wonder why each strain of cannabis has different smells and tastes? This is due to terpenes, the flavours of cannabis aromatherapy. These chemical compounds are found in the essential oils of plants and give rise to the distinct aromas such as berry, pine and cheese.

Terpenes have a direct relationship and work together with cannabinoids when interacting with the body. This is commonly referred to as the “Entourage Effect”
Certain flavours have been linked to specific cannabinoids. For example, the terpene Linalool has a floral scent that holds sedative properties. Many people have a preferred aroma which helps them determine what strain is right for them. Over 100 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant.
Here are a few common terpenes:

Myrcene

Myrcene is a small terpene found in cannabis as well as sweet basil, hops, lemongrass and mangoes. It has a musky, earthy aroma with relaxing and sedating effects.

Linalool

Linalool is a terpene found in flowers like lavender, coriander and cannabis. It has a sweet floral aroma that is known to provide stress relief.

Limonene

Limonene is a terpene found in the rinds of citrus fruit and in cannabis. It has a distinct citrus aroma that assists the absorption of other terpenes as well as being an anti-fungal and anti-depressant agent.

Different strains of cannabis produce different effects. The two main strains are Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica. Sativa strains produce an uplifting cerebral effect while indica strains are more relaxing and have a body-oriented effect. However, many strains on the market today are a crossbreed of the two strains, known as hybrids. They can be “Sativa dominant” which can produce a cerebral high from it’s Sativa genetics, coupled with a mild sedation from its Indica background. Hybrid strains are developed with a distinctive chemical profile and tailored to offer an array of benefits with reduced side effects than that of a pure strain.

It is important to take into consideration that cannabis will affect everyone slightly differently based on body weight, consumption frequency, type of strain and other factors. If you are looking to use medical cannabis, consult with a Medical Cannabis Educator or Cannabis Educated Health Professional to guide you through the process.

Learn More

CONSUMPTION & DOSING

With cannabis consumption, a key consideration other than the cannabis itself, is the method of consumption. Many patients experiment with various methods in order to find the method that provides optimal relief. There are benefits to each method and it may take some time and effort to identify the best method for you. There are two main delivery methods: inhalation and oral.

Inhalation

Inhalation is the process where the gases enter the lungs before absorbing into the bloodstream.
Smoking is traditionally the most popularized method of consumption. It can be through blunts, joints, pipes or bongs.
A device called a vaporizer or vape is used to consume cannabis. It heats either flowers or marijuana-infused oils to a temperature that produced a cannabinoid-laced vapor to inhale. Vaporizing is healthier than smoking since there is no smoke to ingest.

Oral

Oral method of consumption is where the product is administered through the mouth.
A liquid form of marijuana, typically made from glycerin or alcohol. Tinctures can be flavoured and are usually placed under the tongue with a dropper, where they are absorbed quickly. Effects can be felt within minutes. They can also be mixed into a drink but will take longer to affect the body.
Edibles are the preferred method of consumption for many individuals because it is not smoked. The food product enters the body for digestion and is broken down in the stomach. It is then absorbed in the intestines and finally enters the blood stream to affect the body. Effects tend to cause powerful full-body, psychoactive effects. Infused food and drinks are prepared in a variety of ways but commonly, cannabis is infused via butter or oils to extract the desired properties. It can be difficult to cook with cannabis due to specific heating temperatures to sufficiently activate the cannabinoids.
Oils often in the form of an easy-to-swallow capsule. Similar to dried cannabis, oils have specific cannabinoid properties and are manufactured to provide a certain THC and/or CBD quantity.

Please note that under the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR), licensed producers can only sell dried cannabis and cannabis oils. Patients who wish to consume cannabis in the form of edibles should do prior research before attempting to transform dried cannabis into alternative forms.

Your doctor will prescribe you with the amount of medical cannabis you will require per day. Be cautious of over-consumption and only use as much as you need to treat your symptoms. Everyone has a different THC and CBD sensitivity and therefore will require different dosages. If you are not sure how cannabis will affect you, start low and go slow. Consult with a Medical Cannabis educated Health Professional to answer your questions before you start using.

As a general guideline, when first using an extract product, patients should take the smallest possible dose and wait 90 minutes for onset and often longer to determine peak effect. Unlike smoking or vaporizing, cannabis extracts are processed through the liver, so the onset of effects takes longer. However, the duration of the effects is prolonged as well. The key is to start low and go slow.

Each dose has the potential to affect a patient differently, depending on whether the patient takes the medication on a full or empty stomach. For a consistent and reliable effect, it is recommended to take the medication at the same time and under the same conditions each day.

Store cannabis oils at room temperature, in a safe location out of the reach of children.

Health Canada Daily Amount Fact Sheet (Dosage)

HEALTH RISKS

Cannabis should not be used if you:

  • Have a history of allergy to cannabis or to smoke;
  • Are under the age of 25 years [cannabis use poses greater risks to mental health during development (particularly during adolescence) than in adulthood];
  • Have a personal family history of serious mental disorder such as schizophrenia, psychosis, bipolar disorder or depression;
  • Have serious liver, kidney, heart or lung disease;
  • Are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or nursing (may be associated with neurological problems in babies and impaired academic performance later in childhood):
  • Are a man who wishes to start a family (exposure to cannabis or THC could potentially reduce the success rates of intended pregnancies);
  • And/or
  • Have a history of alcohol, drug abuse or substance dependence (such individuals may be more prone to abuse cannabis)

Talk to your healthcare practitioner if you have any of these conditions. There may be other conditions where medical cannabis should not be used.

Side effects will vary with each individual. A low dosage often provides satisfactory relief, allowing side effects to occur infrequently.Known side effects:

  • Memory and learning problems
  • Thinking and problem solving difficulties
  • Loss of coordination and motor skills
  • Mood alterations
  • Increased heart rate
  • Slower reaction time
  • Dry mouth
  • Fatigue

Always consult with a Health Professional before beginning medical cannabis therapy or if you begin to experience adverse side effects.

HEALTH CANADA REGULATIONS

Health Canada established the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR) in August 2016 which serves as the current federal medical marijuana program. It allows patients to obtain medical cannabis in one of three ways:

  1. Submitting the medical document directly to a licensed producer.
  2. Registering with Health Canada to produce a limited amount of cannabis for their own medical purposes; or,
  3. Registering with Health Canada to designate someone else to produce the cannabis for them. The patient is not limited to using dried cannabis, but can obtain dried or fresh cannabis, cannabis preparations and derivatives such as oil.

Learn More

Patients should use their own judegement when using cannabis as it can reduce cognitive abilities. Studies have indicated that use of cannabis may impact your driving through:

  • Reaction time
  • Visual function
  • Concentration
  • Divided attention
  • Following distance
  • Speed

It is recommended that you should not drive for at least

  • 4 hours after inhalation
  • 6 hours after oral ingestion
  • 8 hours after inhalation or oral ingestion if the patient experiences euphoria/high

Domestic Flights

Patients can travel domestically (within Canada) with medical cannabis. There are recommended guidelines to follow to ensure a smooth process:

  • Arrive at the airport well ahead of time to account for longer processing time
    Inform screen staff you are carrying medical cannabis and declare it – do not wait for your medical cannabis to be discovered
  • Bring any related documentation such as medical documentation, Health Canada registration certificate and documentation from your licensed producer(s)
  • Expect to show your documentation to a police officer
  • Carry herbs and oils in their original packaging and containers with proper name identification
  • Bring the required amount for your travel duration – it can not exceed your 30-day limit
  • Pack your medical cannabis in your carry-on rather than your checked luggage

International Flights

Patients authorized to possess or produce cannabis under Canada’s Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR) do not allow you to carry cannabis in or out of Canada. Please be advised flying outside of Canada with medical cannabis is illegal. Patients should consult with their healthcare professional about other medical alternatives if they are leaving Canada for an extended period of time.

For more information, visit:

  1. CATSA – Canadian Air Transport Security Authority
  2. Government of Canada – Alcohol, Drugs and Travel

GLOSSARY

A term used to describe the general small and/or taste of a certain plant or flower. Consumers’ individuals’ definition of aromas can somewhat differ (e.g. “earthy, skunky, or “citrus”) but aroma descriptions are meant as a basic guideline.
CBD is the second most prevalent cannabinoid in Cannabis after THC. Research has shown that CBD provides a therapeutic effect without contributing to the psychoactive “high”.
A class of diverse chemical compounds that act on the body’s cannabinoid receptors on cells that repress neurotransmitter release in the brain. They produce various effects including pain relief and other medically beneficial uses. There are more than 80 known cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, however, the most well-known cannabinoids include THC and CBD.
A plant genus that produces 3 species of flowering plants: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica are used to produce both recreational and medical marijuana. Cannabis ruderalis is rarely farmed due to its natural lower THC content and small stature, but there is some cross-breeding due to ruderalis’s unique ability to auto-flower rather than mature based on light.
Marijuana that has been refined into a more purified and concentrated form. This results in products with very high THC levels and includes any type of hash, kief or hash oil.
The size or frequency of a dose of a medicine or drug.
Named after the plant that led to its discovery, it is perhaps the most important physiological system involved in establishing and maintaining human health. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands and immune cells. In each tissue, the cannabinoid system performs difference tasks, but the goal is always the same: homeostasis, the maintenance of a stable internal environment despite fluctuations in the external environment.
Like an orchestra that produces a unique sound from many different instruments, medical cannabis contains over 60 different molecules that each contribute to the end effect. Cannabinoids – including THC, and CBD, along with terpenes have been shown to work together synergistically and regulate each other in a way known as the ‘entourage effect’. This explains why various strains create so many different effects, making the person feel calm, sleepy, anxious or awake.
Hybrid strains are genetically a cross between two or more different strains of cannabis. They can happen unintentionally or purposefully to combine desired traits of the original plants. Most marijuana on the market is some form of hybrid.
Indica strains originated from Asia and the Middle East. These plants are shorter and fuller plants compared to their sativa counterparts. Indicas are known for providing strong analgesic and soporific effects that produces a very relaxing body high.
A system of gardening that does not use soil. Plants are grown in water and receive their nutrients from the addition of solutions rather than soil. For growers, hydroponic advantages include more control over nutrient intake and stability. In terms of marijuana production, plants grown hydroponically are sometimes said to have cleaner, more distinct flavours.
The collected amount of trichomes that have been separated from the rest of the marijuana flower. Since trichomes are the sticky crystals that contain the majority of the plant’s cannabinoids, kief is known to be extremely potent.
An indica strain that originated from the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Kush strains have a unique aroma that have given them a large fan base. Their aroma is generally described as “earthy” and often piney combined with citrus or sweet. Popular varieties include the Hindu Kush, OG Kush, Bubba Kush and Purple Kush.
Ruderalis is a low-THC cannabis strain that is primarily used for its CBD-rich genetics. Ruderalis is unique due to its “autoflowering” variety, meaning it flowers with age instead of with a light cycle.
Sativa strains originated in areas around the equator and can be found in countries like South America, Asia, the Middle East and several African Nations. The plant typically matures at a slower rate than other species but tends to grow much taller at over 5 feet with loose branches and narrow leaves, resulting in more product. Sativas are generally known for producing more energetic and uplifting cerebral effects and encourage creativity.
Cannabis topicals contain active properties of the flowers where they have been extracted and added to products such as lotions and creams. The medicinal properties are absorbed through the skin and are generally used for skin conditions, muscle soreness, acne, scars and other ailments localized to a certain area. Topicals do not provide a psychoactive effect like other methods of consumptions do.
The resin production glands of the cannabis plant. These sticky little protrusions can make plants appear a little hairy but they are not actually hairs or “crystals”. THC, CBD and other cannabinoids are all produced in these glands.
A route of administration wherein active ingredients are delivered across the skin for systemic distribution. Transdermal delivery systems can include patches, gels and lotions.

BEGINNER’S GUIDE

Whether you are considering medical cannabis therapy as a treatment option for yourself or someone else, this
Beginner’s Guide will serve as the foundation to help you better understand the implications of using medical cannabis.
That said, we always encourage you to consult with your primary health care professional before you get started.

About Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds that produce mental and physical effects when consumed and cause euphoric, anti-convulsive and anti-inflammatory effects.
Two of the most common cannabinoids are THC and CBD. When cannabis is consumed, cannabinoids bind to receptor sites throughout the brain and body. Different cannabinoids have different effects depending on which receptors they bind to. THC binds to receptors in the brain whereas CBD mostly binds to receptors located throughout the body. As a result, different strains of Cannabis will produce varying levels and types of relief.

THC, or delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol

THC, or delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is the most recognized and abundantly available cannabinoid. It is the component in cannabis responsible for the psychoactive effects which causes the “high” and creates a feeling of euphoria. It is reported to have therapeutic benefits as an analgesic, antiemetic, sleep enhancer, appetite stimulant and mood stimulant. However, it has been known to cause anxiety and paranoia when consumed in high doses.

CBD, or Cannabidiol

CBD, or Cannabidiol, is non-psychoactive and is second to THC when it comes to average volume.

It is very useful for those who want the medical benefits of marijuana but not the “high”.

It is reported to have strong anti-inflammatory properties and as an anti-anxiety and seizure reduction agent.

About The Endocannbinoid System

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) acts as a regulator of energy and immune homeostasis in the body. Homeostasis is the ability of the body to regulate and maintain a balance within its internal environment when faced with external changes. For example, when your body temperature increases due to exercise, your body combats the heat by activating sweat glands and perspiration to help cool down the body. The endocannabinoid system contains cannabinoid receptors located throughout the central and peripheral nervous system and regulates many bodily functions such as pain sensation, mood, memory, appetite and mediating the psychoactive effects of cannabis.
CB1 and CB2 are the two primary cannabinoid receptors that serve important functions in physiological processes

CB1

CB1 receptors are mainly located in the brain and central nervous system.

CB2

CB2 receptors are located in the peripheral organs and in cells associated with the immune system.
Endocannabinoids and cannabinoids bind to and activate the cannabinoid receptors. Endocannabinoids are molecules naturally produced by cells in the human body. Cannabinoids enter the body through the consumption of cannabis and include THC and CBD. Cannabinoids produce greater psychoactive and medicinal effects on the body than endocannabinoids because they have a different chemical profile and interact with the cannabinoid receptors differently than the body’s natural endocannabinoids.

Ever wonder why each strain of cannabis has different smells and tastes? This is due to terpenes, the flavours of cannabis aromatherapy. These chemical compounds are found in the essential oils of plants and give rise to the distinct aromas such as berry, pine and cheese.

Terpenes have a direct relationship and work together with cannabinoids when interacting with the body. This is commonly referred to as the “Entourage Effect”
Certain flavours have been linked to specific cannabinoids. For example, the terpene Linalool has a floral scent that holds sedative properties. Many people have a preferred aroma which helps them determine what strain is right for them. Over 100 different terpenes have been identified in the cannabis plant.
Here are a few common terpenes:

Myrcene

Myrcene is a small terpene found in cannabis as well as sweet basil, hops, lemongrass and mangoes. It has a musky, earthy aroma with relaxing and sedating effects.

Linalool

Linalool is a terpene found in flowers like lavender, coriander and cannabis. It has a sweet floral aroma that is known to provide stress relief.

Limonene

Limonene is a terpene found in the rinds of citrus fruit and in cannabis. It has a distinct citrus aroma that assists the absorption of other terpenes as well as being an anti-fungal and anti-depressant agent.

Different strains of cannabis produce different effects. The two main strains are Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica. Sativa strains produce an uplifting cerebral effect while indica strains are more relaxing and have a body-oriented effect. However, many strains on the market today are a crossbreed of the two strains, known as hybrids. They can be “Sativa dominant” which can produce a cerebral high from it’s Sativa genetics, coupled with a mild sedation from its Indica background. Hybrid strains are developed with a distinctive chemical profile and tailored to offer an array of benefits with reduced side effects than that of a pure strain.

It is important to take into consideration that cannabis will affect everyone slightly differently based on body weight, consumption frequency, type of strain and other factors. If you are looking to use medical cannabis, consult with a Medical Cannabis Educator or Cannabis Educated Health Professional to guide you through the process.

Learn More

With cannabis consumption, a key consideration other than the cannabis itself, is the method of consumption. Many patients experiment with various methods in order to find the method that provides optimal relief. There are benefits to each method and it may take some time and effort to identify the best method for you. There are two main delivery methods: inhalation and oral.

Inhalation

Inhalation is the process where the gases enter the lungs before absorbing into the bloodstream.
Smoking is traditionally the most popularized method of consumption. It can be through blunts, joints, pipes or bongs.
A device called a vaporizer or vape is used to consume cannabis. It heats either flowers or marijuana-infused oils to a temperature that produced a cannabinoid-laced vapor to inhale. Vaporizing is healthier than smoking since there is no smoke to ingest.

Oral

Oral method of consumption is where the product is administered through the mouth.
A liquid form of marijuana, typically made from glycerin or alcohol. Tinctures can be flavoured and are usually placed under the tongue with a dropper, where they are absorbed quickly. Effects can be felt within minutes. They can also be mixed into a drink but will take longer to affect the body.
Edibles are the preferred method of consumption for many individuals because it is not smoked. The food product enters the body for digestion and is broken down in the stomach. It is then absorbed in the intestines and finally enters the blood stream to affect the body. Effects tend to cause powerful full-body, psychoactive effects. Infused food and drinks are prepared in a variety of ways but commonly, cannabis is infused via butter or oils to extract the desired properties. It can be difficult to cook with cannabis due to specific heating temperatures to sufficiently activate the cannabinoids.
Oils often in the form of an easy-to-swallow capsule. Similar to dried cannabis, oils have specific cannabinoid properties and are manufactured to provide a certain THC and/or CBD quantity.

Please note that under the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR), licensed producers can only sell dried cannabis and cannabis oils. Patients who wish to consume cannabis in the form of edibles should do prior research before attempting to transform dried cannabis into alternative forms.

Your doctor will prescribe you with the amount of medical cannabis you will require per day. Be cautious of over-consumption and only use as much as you need to treat your symptoms. Everyone has a different THC and CBD sensitivity and therefore will require different dosages. If you are not sure how cannabis will affect you, start low and go slow. Consult with a Medical Cannabis educated Health Professional to answer your questions before you start using.

As a general guideline, when first using an extract product, patients should take the smallest possible dose and wait 90 minutes for onset and often longer to determine peak effect. Unlike smoking or vaporizing, cannabis extracts are processed through the liver, so the onset of effects takes longer. However, the duration of the effects is prolonged as well. The key is to start low and go slow.

Each dose has the potential to affect a patient differently, depending on whether the patient takes the medication on a full or empty stomach. For a consistent and reliable effect, it is recommended to take the medication at the same time and under the same conditions each day.

Store cannabis oils at room temperature, in a safe location out of the reach of children.

Health Canada Daily Amount Fact Sheet (Dosage)

Cannabis should not be used if you:

  • Have a history of allergy to cannabis or to smoke;
  • Are under the age of 25 years [cannabis use poses greater risks to mental health during development (particularly during adolescence) than in adulthood];
  • Have a personal family history of serious mental disorder such as schizophrenia, psychosis, bipolar disorder or depression;
  • Have serious liver, kidney, heart or lung disease;
  • Are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or nursing (may be associated with neurological problems in babies and impaired academic performance later in childhood):
  • Are a man who wishes to start a family (exposure to cannabis or THC could potentially reduce the success rates of intended pregnancies);
  • And/or
  • Have a history of alcohol, drug abuse or substance dependence (such individuals may be more prone to abuse cannabis)

Talk to your healthcare practitioner if you have any of these conditions. There may be other conditions where medical cannabis should not be used.

Side effects will vary with each individual. A low dosage often provides satisfactory relief, allowing side effects to occur infrequently.Known side effects:

  • Memory and learning problems
  • Thinking and problem solving difficulties
  • Loss of coordination and motor skills
  • Mood alterations
  • Increased heart rate
  • Slower reaction time
  • Dry mouth
  • Fatigue

Always consult with a Health Professional before beginning medical cannabis therapy or if you begin to experience adverse side effects.

Health Canada established the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR) in August 2016 which serves as the current federal medical marijuana program. It allows patients to obtain medical cannabis in one of three ways:

  1. Submitting the medical document directly to a licensed producer.
  2. Registering with Health Canada to produce a limited amount of cannabis for their own medical purposes; or,
  3. Registering with Health Canada to designate someone else to produce the cannabis for them. The patient is not limited to using dried cannabis, but can obtain dried or fresh cannabis, cannabis preparations and derivatives such as oil.

Learn More

Patients should use their own judegement when using cannabis as it can reduce cognitive abilities. Studies have indicated that use of cannabis may impact your driving through:

  • Reaction time
  • Visual function
  • Concentration
  • Divided attention
  • Following distance
  • Speed

It is recommended that you should not drive for at least

  • 4 hours after inhalation
  • 6 hours after oral ingestion
  • 8 hours after inhalation or oral ingestion if the patient experiences euphoria/high

Domestic Flights

Patients can travel domestically (within Canada) with medical cannabis. There are recommended guidelines to follow to ensure a smooth process:

  • Arrive at the airport well ahead of time to account for longer processing time
    Inform screen staff you are carrying medical cannabis and declare it – do not wait for your medical cannabis to be discovered
  • Bring any related documentation such as medical documentation, Health Canada registration certificate and documentation from your licensed producer(s)
  • Expect to show your documentation to a police officer
  • Carry herbs and oils in their original packaging and containers with proper name identification
  • Bring the required amount for your travel duration – it can not exceed your 30-day limit
  • Pack your medical cannabis in your carry-on rather than your checked luggage

International Flights

Patients authorized to possess or produce cannabis under Canada’s Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations (ACMPR) do not allow you to carry cannabis in or out of Canada. Please be advised flying outside of Canada with medical cannabis is illegal. Patients should consult with their healthcare professional about other medical alternatives if they are leaving Canada for an extended period of time.

For more information, visit:

  1. CATSA – Canadian Air Transport Security Authority
  2. Government of Canada – Alcohol, Drugs and Travel

A term used to describe the general small and/or taste of a certain plant or flower. Consumers’ individuals’ definition of aromas can somewhat differ (e.g. “earthy, skunky, or “citrus”) but aroma descriptions are meant as a basic guideline.
CBD is the second most prevalent cannabinoid in Cannabis after THC. Research has shown that CBD provides a therapeutic effect without contributing to the psychoactive “high”.
A class of diverse chemical compounds that act on the body’s cannabinoid receptors on cells that repress neurotransmitter release in the brain. They produce various effects including pain relief and other medically beneficial uses. There are more than 80 known cannabinoids in the cannabis plant, however, the most well-known cannabinoids include THC and CBD.
A plant genus that produces 3 species of flowering plants: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica are used to produce both recreational and medical marijuana. Cannabis ruderalis is rarely farmed due to its natural lower THC content and small stature, but there is some cross-breeding due to ruderalis’s unique ability to auto-flower rather than mature based on light.
Marijuana that has been refined into a more purified and concentrated form. This results in products with very high THC levels and includes any type of hash, kief or hash oil.
The size or frequency of a dose of a medicine or drug.
Named after the plant that led to its discovery, it is perhaps the most important physiological system involved in establishing and maintaining human health. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands and immune cells. In each tissue, the cannabinoid system performs difference tasks, but the goal is always the same: homeostasis, the maintenance of a stable internal environment despite fluctuations in the external environment.
Like an orchestra that produces a unique sound from many different instruments, medical cannabis contains over 60 different molecules that each contribute to the end effect. Cannabinoids – including THC, and CBD, along with terpenes have been shown to work together synergistically and regulate each other in a way known as the ‘entourage effect’. This explains why various strains create so many different effects, making the person feel calm, sleepy, anxious or awake.
Hybrid strains are genetically a cross between two or more different strains of cannabis. They can happen unintentionally or purposefully to combine desired traits of the original plants. Most marijuana on the market is some form of hybrid.
Indica strains originated from Asia and the Middle East. These plants are shorter and fuller plants compared to their sativa counterparts. Indicas are known for providing strong analgesic and soporific effects that produces a very relaxing body high.
A system of gardening that does not use soil. Plants are grown in water and receive their nutrients from the addition of solutions rather than soil. For growers, hydroponic advantages include more control over nutrient intake and stability. In terms of marijuana production, plants grown hydroponically are sometimes said to have cleaner, more distinct flavours.
The collected amount of trichomes that have been separated from the rest of the marijuana flower. Since trichomes are the sticky crystals that contain the majority of the plant’s cannabinoids, kief is known to be extremely potent.
An indica strain that originated from the Hindu Kush mountains in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Kush strains have a unique aroma that have given them a large fan base. Their aroma is generally described as “earthy” and often piney combined with citrus or sweet. Popular varieties include the Hindu Kush, OG Kush, Bubba Kush and Purple Kush.
Ruderalis is a low-THC cannabis strain that is primarily used for its CBD-rich genetics. Ruderalis is unique due to its “autoflowering” variety, meaning it flowers with age instead of with a light cycle.
Sativa strains originated in areas around the equator and can be found in countries like South America, Asia, the Middle East and several African Nations. The plant typically matures at a slower rate than other species but tends to grow much taller at over 5 feet with loose branches and narrow leaves, resulting in more product. Sativas are generally known for producing more energetic and uplifting cerebral effects and encourage creativity.
Cannabis topicals contain active properties of the flowers where they have been extracted and added to products such as lotions and creams. The medicinal properties are absorbed through the skin and are generally used for skin conditions, muscle soreness, acne, scars and other ailments localized to a certain area. Topicals do not provide a psychoactive effect like other methods of consumptions do.
The resin production glands of the cannabis plant. These sticky little protrusions can make plants appear a little hairy but they are not actually hairs or “crystals”. THC, CBD and other cannabinoids are all produced in these glands.
A route of administration wherein active ingredients are delivered across the skin for systemic distribution. Transdermal delivery systems can include patches, gels and lotions.

EDUCATION PROGRAMS

CannaConnectU offers online education programs to expand one’s medical cannabis knowledge. CannaConnectU and
Advancing Practice have collaborated to provide a unique learning experience for those looking to enhance their
medical cannabis education and take control of their health and well-being.

Medical Cannabis Certificate Program
Medical Cannabis IQ : The Fundamentals